Whitney Kruckenberg received her PhD in art history from Temple University’s Tyler School of Art in 2014. She has taught art history at a variety of colleges in Philadelphia and New York City, including Temple University, Rutgers University–Camden and the Pratt Institute.

Degas’ Etchings of Mary Cassatt at the Louvre and the Aesthetics of Process

Fig. 1. Edgar Degas, Mary Cassatt at the Louvre: The Etruscan Gallery; ninth state (1879-80), softground etching, drypoint, aquatint and etching, 26.7 x 23.2 cm. Courtesy National Gallery of Art, Washington.

Writing on the first Impressionist exhibition in 1874, the critic Jules Castagnary observed about the painters’ preference for “the unfinished” (Le non fini): “One cannot say that the Impressionists invented it. They vaunt it, they exalt it . . . they put it on a pedestal and they adore it.” Read More